How Sump Pumps Work

Many of our customers do not understand what exactly a sump pump is. We will answer that as well as how sump pumps work. It is an important tool that some homes require and have. Furthermore, it can save you lots of money if installed properly.

It is a pump installed in a basement or crawlspace. The goal of it is to prevent flooding and keeping your basement and dry and free from water. They are built in sump pits and water flows into the pit through drains or by water flowing through soil. Then it pumps the water our of the pit and away from the building. But, there is more to it that what I wrote, so let me explain.

How Sump Pumps Work

When it is installed in your basement, a hole is cut in the concrete floor, and the pump is placed in the sump pit. Which is normally 30 inches in depth and 18 to 24 inches across. A pipe is fitted which releases the water away from the foundation of the house. The pipe typically has a “check valve”, preventing back flow and consequently damaging the house.

A standard sump pump is electric, and is powered by the electricity running through the house. There are two types of sump pumps. The first one, a submersible pump, is inside the tank. Whereas a pedestal model has a column that sticks through the tank’s cover with the motor placed on the column. When the water is pumped, there is a fan-like device, or impeller that is activated. 

If a flood, rainfall, or water from melting snow happens, it flows into the sump pit instead of flowing through cracks in walls. The pump is activated by float, like ones you find in a toilet. Once the water reaches a certain level, the pump activates.

To conclude, that is essentially how a sump pump works. If you have more questions about sump pump, or would like to consider installing a sump pump. Do not hesitate to contact us!



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